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Items filtered by date: November 2015

fungal toenail2Stiff and persistent heel pain that is not easily supplemented with heel pads or mild painkillers often reveals itself to be plantar fasciitis. Treatment options for plantar fasciitis can involve other anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, stretching exercises, night splints, or cortisone injections. While each of these methods are effective, it is important to see a podiatrist or foot specialist who will properly examine the foot and determine the best treatment for each individual.

Anyone can wind up suffering from heel pain. If your heel is hurting, see Dr. Gregory Birch and Dr. Andrew Birch of New York. Our doctors will treat your heel pain symptoms in addition to other podiatric-related needs.

Causes of Heel Pain

● Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

● Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

● Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

- Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  

- Wearing non-supportive shoes

- Weight change         

- Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a thing of the past.

With the advancements in technology and greater knowledge of how muscles and joints work, physical therapists can turn things around dramatically.  

If you have any concerns please feel free to contact our offices located in Brooklyn and Staten Island, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Arthritis5A new form of medications for rheumatoid arthritis patients called Janus kinase inhibitors (JAK inhibitors) has the potential to help patients with moderate to severe RA. The way these JAK inhibitors work is by suppressing a person’s immune system back to its basic roots, reverting the body back to its normal function instead of attacking its own joints like rheumatoid arthritis does. However, these JAK inhibitors have different side effects on different patients, so understanding more about them by doing your own research is highly recommended.

Because RA affects more than just your joints, including the joints in your feet and ankles, it is important to seek early diagnosis from your podiatrist if you feel like the pain in your feet might be caused by RA.. For more information about Rheumatoid Arthritis and its symptoms, consult with Dr. Gregory Birch and Dr. Andrew Birch of New York. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occur, causing severe pain and immobility.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area.

Symptoms

- Swelling & pain in the feet
- Stiffness in the feet
- Pain on the ball or sole of feet
- Joint shift and deformation

Diagnosis

Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition. Rheumatoid Factor tests help to determine if someone is affected by the disease.

For more information about rheumatoid arthritis please follow the link below.

If you have any concerns please feel free to contact our offices located in Brooklyn and Staten Island, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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stretching2Amal Clooney, civil rights lawyer and wife of actor George Clooney, may always be in the spotlight due to her high profile cases and fashion statements, but has made the tabloid this time due to her troubling bunions. While the lawyer may have to constantly wear impractical footwear as a part of her career wardrobe, she is not the only star to suffer from the shoe type. Victoria Beckham as well as Catherine Zeta-Jones have both suffered from the condition as well.  

Bunion surgery usually occurs after non-surgical methods have proved to be ineffective. If you have any concerns about your feet or ankles contact Dr. Gregory Birch and Dr. Andrew Birch of New York. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs by the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why do Bunions Form?

  • Genetics – susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
  • Stress on the feet – poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can cause bunions to form

How are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any concerns please feel free to contact our offices located in Brooklyn and Staten Island, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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toenail fungus7The unfortunate refugee crisis taking place in Hungary has become very visible on each refugee’s feet. After walking for days on end in worn down shoes, corns and calluses have become the norm. By not having the ability to take care of their feet, massive corns and calluses and swollen and weathered soles are negatively affecting the overall health of these refugees. Fortunately, volunteer efforts are bringing positive progress in this crisis and will hopefully eventually lead to a swift resolution.

Corns can be a huge nuisance for the feet. If you have any foot or ankle concerns contact Dr. Gregory Birch and Dr. Andrew Birch of New York. Our doctors will attend to your foot and ankle needs.

Corns: What are they? And how do you get rid of them?
Corns can be described as areas of the skin that have thickened to the point of becoming painful or irritating. They are often layers and layers of the skin that have become dry and rough, and are normally smaller than calluses.

Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as wearing:
- Well-fitting socks
- Comfortable shoes that are not tight around your foot
- Shoes that offer support

Treating Corns
Treatment of corns involves removing the dead skin that has built up in the specific area of the foot. Salicylic acid can help in getting rid of these corns because it dissolves keratin, which is the protein that makes up a good majority of corns. Podiatrists recommend that people with diabetes not use salicylic acid but should consult with their podiatrist regarding the treatment of corns.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our offices located in Staten Island and Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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broken foot4Boston College has lost tailback Jon Hilliman due to foot surgery. According to Coach Steve Addazio, the team will have to work hard as he rushed 122 yards and 24 carries during his last game. Other tailbacks, Myles Willis and Marcus Outlow, are currently both suffering from shoulder injuries leaving junior tailback, Tyler Rouse to maintain the position. “We will be without Jon Hilliman. This was a physical game that took a toll on us from a personnel standpoint,” Addazio stated.

Sports related foot and ankle injuries need proper treatment before players can go back to their regular routines. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles contact Dr. Gregory Birch and Dr. Andrew J. Birch of New York. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Sport Related Foot and Ankle Injuries

Foot and ankle injuries are a common occurrence when it comes to athletes of any sport. While many athletes dismiss the initial aches and pains, the truth is that ignoring potential foot and ankle injuries can lead to serious problems. As athletes continue to place pressure and strain the area further, a mild injury can turn into something as serious as a rupture and may lead to a permanent disability. There are many factors that contribute to sports related foot and ankle injuries, which include failure to warm up properly, not providing support or wearing bad footwear. Common injuries and conditions athletes face, including:

  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Plantar Fasciosis
  • Achilles Tendinitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains

Sports-related injuries are commonly treated using the RICE method. This includes rest, applying ice to the injured area, compression and elevating the ankle. More serious sprains and injuries may require surgery, which could include arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery. Rehabilitation and therapy may also be required in order to get any recovering athlete to become fully functional again. Any unusual aches and pains an athlete sustains must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Staten Island and Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about sports related injuries.

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