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Items filtered by date: April 2015

footproblemsHaving shoes that correspond with today’s fashion is almost a necessary part of life today; unfortunately when people suffer from hammertoes it feels as though any shoe is too painful to wear. Recently, a new procedure has been set in place where implants would be used to permanently straighten the joints in the foot.

The implant, called TENFUSE, is said to be made out of cortical bone and will not have to be removed since the implant will eventually become a part of the bone. If the implant works as well as expected, this could be great news for the 10 to 20% of Americans suffering from the condition.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. If you are suffering from hammertoes, contact Dr. Gregory and Andrew Birch of New York. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Hammertoe
Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

  • Genetics – people who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible
  • Arthritis – because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur
  • Trauma – direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe
  • Ill-fitting shoes – undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

  • Orthotics – custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it
  • Medications – oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used
  • Surgery – in more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our offices located in Staten Island and Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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footproblemsFor most women, high heels are often blamed for causing foot pain and foot problems. Many women instead choose to wear flat shoes to try and avoid the health issues that reportedly come with high heels; flats appear to be a much more sensible and practical choice in footwear. According to experts, however, certain types of flats can actually cause a myriad of health problems.

Toe infection, which in its worst case can require surgery, is reportedly an issue that arises from ingrown toenails caused by tight, pointy-toed flats putting pressure on the toes. To remove pressure from the big toe, experts suggest wearing flats with a round or square-shape toe box.

Finding the right pair of shoes to wear is only one facet of everyday foot care. To learn more, consult with one of our podiatrists of Birch Podiatry. Our doctors will provide you with the foot and ankle information you seek.

Every Day Foot Care
Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. After all, without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks. It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before, for example.

For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops.

Also, wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat. Also make sure that the socks fit properly and are not uncomfortably tight.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Staten Island and Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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runnersnewResearchers from Pennsylvania’s Carnegie Mellon University have developed a device that can improve the walking efficiency of its wearer. The device fits over the leg and is able to do this by storing the energy created when the wearer lifts a foot of the ground. When the foot lands, the device releases the stored energy and therefore adds more power to the wearer’s push-off of the next step. The cable and clutch mechanism operates without any motors or batteries.

The Carnegie Mellon researchers report that their device improves walking efficiency by about 7%. While the researchers claim their device to be a simple improvement on the human body, their creation is one very successful step forward.

 
Walking efficiency involves biomechanics, which incorporates the moving parts that manage the movement of your feet. To learn more about biomechanics, see Dr. Gregory and Andrew Birch of New York. Our doctors can provide you with the foot and ankle information you seek.  

A History of Biomechanics
- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974 biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination to the area.

Modern technology improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes providing a better understanding of podiatry concepts for biomechanics. Computers provide accurate determinations about the forces, moments and patterns of the foot and lower legs with the most important information captured.

Advances in materials and more awareness of biomechanics have developed enhanced corrective methods, offering further options for foot-related injuries. Understanding foot biomechanics can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Brooklyn and Staten Island, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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anklesprains2During a home game against Indiana, Washington Wizards guard Bradley Beal suffered a sprained ankle in his right foot. The injury occurred during the first period when the guard lost his footing and landed awkwardly before rolling on the ground.

Beal was able to walk off the court of his own accord, and post-game—where the Wizards lost 103-101—Beal walked out with a slight limp. Randy Wittman, coach of the Wizards, shared Beal’s frustrations with the various leg and foot injuries Beal has suffered during his career, which go back to his rookie season: “It’s always frustrating. He’s not trying to get hurt. It’s frustrating and I’m sure it’s frustrating for him.”

Ankle sprains are very painful and need to be treated as soon as possible. If you are suffering from a sprained ankle contact Dr. Gregory and Andrew Birch of New York. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?
Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.

What are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits can aid in prevention

Treatment of a Sprain
Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.

If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Brooklyn and Staten Island, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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